We live in an unprecedented era of remote work due to COVID-19. Now is the time to review the security of your DevSecOps pipeline to ensure that the tools and workflow powering your software development is secure from attacks.
Here are some tips to consider as you evaluate your approach to integrating security at each stage of the development lifecycle.
Implement Threat Modeling
Threat Modeling not only helps security teams define security requirements and assess underlying risks associated with new and existing applications; it fosters ongoing communication between security and development teams. Integrating threat modeling tools in the development lifecycle promotes collaboration between each team on the system architecture and provides a consistent method for tracking key information. Microsoft’s Threat Modeling Tool and OWASP’s Threat Dragon are popular open source tools used in DevSecOps pipelines to conduct threat modeling.
Utilize IDE Extensions
Utilizing IDE extensions to identify vulnerabilities and security flaws as developers are writing code is an easy way to catch security issues early on. It also serves as a way to educate developers on good coding practices.
Run Peer Code Reviews
Implementing peer code reviews is another method to ensure developers are using secure coding practices. Code reviews practices can improve the quality of your organization’s code base as it fosters collaboration between reviewers and those writing the code, facilitating knowledge sharing, consistency, and legibility of code.
Implement Pre-Commit Hooks
Exposing secrets such as application programming interface (API) keys, database credentials, service tokens, and private keys to source code repositories occur more frequently than you might think and can be costly for organizations. In 2019, security researchers discovered over 200,000 unique secrets on GitHub. Integrating pre-commit tools in code repositories can prevent your secrets from being pushed inadvertently.
Bolster your DevSecOps workflow with Automated Security Scanning and Testing
As development teams focus on ways to push faster release cadences, automated security scanning and testing is critical to identify vulnerabilities and other issues early in the development lifecycle.
For containerized applications, container security scanning tools evaluate container applications and their underlying file system for vulnerabilities, secrets, exposed ports, elevated privileges, and other misconfigurations that may be introduced either from public base images or developer mistakes.
With the proliferation of open source software in recent years, modern applications often consist of third-party dependencies. There are advantages to utilizing OSS; however, if not carefully inspected, it can introduce vulnerabilities and other issues. Implementing dependency checking tools can analyze dependencies in your code to identify issues such as vulnerabilities and the use of non-compliant licenses.
Static application security testing (SAST) should be integrated into the pipeline to automatically scan every code change as it is committed. Initiating workflows from scan results can facilitate immediate feedback leading to quicker remediation. Dynamic application security testing (DAST) is a good way to evaluate your running applications for vulnerabilities that may be missed by SAST tools.
Build Secure Immutable Infrastructure in the Cloud
The adoption of DevOps and cloud-hosted services facilitated the practice of Infrastructure-as-Code (IaC) in which enterprise services could be architected, committed as code, and deployed in an automated fashion. While this has allowed IT teams to quickly deploy enterprise applications and services, this has introduced challenges for security teams to identify issues in IaC before these applications and services are deployed to production. Static security scanning tools can analyze infrastructure tools such as Terraform and Cloudformation for any misconfigurations and other security issues early in the development lifecycle and provide feedback in an automated fashion.
Implementing practices such as configuration management and baseline configurations can help facilitate immutable infrastructure that is deployed in a consistent manner based on a defined set of requirements and continuously monitor infrastructure for inadvertent or unauthorized changes.
Utilize Secrets Management
As we discussed earlier in this post, exposed secrets can be an organizational nightmare. However, ensuring that sensitive information is protected is no small task either. This is where secrets management comes into play. Every organization should have a set of tools and processes to protect passwords, API keys, SSH keys, and other secrets. Besides providing a secure method for storing secrets, secrets management can also facilitate other best practices such as auditing, role-based access control, and lifecycle management.
Communications and collaboration amongst your team members should be part of all the tips in this post. Your new or renewed focus on DevSecOps pipeline security should also become part of any internal processes that you have in place to govern tool security and maintenance.